Periodontitis is one of the most severe and critical gum diseases. It is caused due to poor oral hygiene and can lead to severe tissue decay or even tooth loss. It damages the patient’s soft tissues, and if not cured on time, it can cause critical damage to the jawbone. Patients with periodontitis may notice blood while brushing and experience pain while chewing. Proper care can increase the chances of successful treatment and reduce relapse of developing periodontitis again.
What are the Causes of Periodontitis?
Irregular and improper brushing is the main cause of developing periodontitis. With improper brushing, plaque forms on your teeth that harden and form tartar under the gum-line. The longer tartar stays on your teeth, the more damage it can cause. Tartar is filled with bacteria that come in contact with the surrounding gums and cause infection. Some other reasons that are responsible for causing periodontitis are:
- Smoking and chewing tobacco
- Improper oral habits
- Certain types of medications
- Health conditions like obesity, diabetes, leukemia, etc.
- Vitamin C deficiency
What are the Symptoms?
As you notice symptoms, it is recommended to visit your dentist so that necessary preventive measures and care are taken before any severe damage. These prominent symptoms are:
- Bleeding gums
- Tender or red gums
- Release of pus from gums
- Bad breath
- Loosening of the teeth or tooth loss
- Difficulty in chewing
- Longer-looking teeth due to a receding gum line
Measures to Prevent Periodontitis
The easiest way to prevent periodontitis is to maintain good oral hygiene. The leading cause of periodontitis is improper or irregular oral hygiene, which is why you must take good care of your oral health. Brush your teeth thoroughly at least twice a day, floss regularly, and use mouthwash. This will prevent the development of harmful bacteria that causes dental infection. It is also important that you visit your dentist regularly for consultation and get your teeth professionally cleaned at least twice a year to preclude the development of tartar that can cause periodontitis.
How Is Periodontitis Treated?
Scaling: Your dentist will clean your teeth and remove all the accumulated plaque and tartar from above and below the gum-line.
Root planing: It is an attempt to smoothen the rough surfaces and remove any infection-causing bacteria from the tooth roots. Your dentist will carry out deep cleaning under the gum-line where the bones are infected.
Antibiotics: Certain types of medications are effective in treating periodontitis, such as Arestin. Your dentist can prescribe you antibiotics to treat periodontitis.
Bone grafting: When periodontitis has become severe and has destroyed the surrounding jawbone, a bone graft can be done to support the affected tooth and prevent tooth loss.
It is important that you maintain proper oral hygiene, visit your dentist regularly, quit unhealthy oral practices and take an adequate diet to keep yourself from any such complications.
Please reach out to our dental practice in Fremont, CA, to have a consultation with our dentist, Dr. Louie. Please call us at (510) 656-7778 or schedule an online consultation, and we’ll guide you further.
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