What Are The Risk Factors For Periodontitis?

What Are The Risk Factors For Periodontitis?

Posted by LOUIE FAMILY DENTISTRY on Feb 19 2023, 07:54 AM

What Are The Risk Factors For Periodontitis?

Periodontitis is an advanced form of gum disease. It causes damage to the structures around the teeth, including the gums, periodontal ligaments, and alveolar bones. Here are the risk factors resulting in gum disease:

Smoking

Cigarettes contain a number of harmful chemicals that can increase the risk of periodontal disease. Tobacco smoke also contains tar, which leads to yellowed teeth and bad breath. Quitting smoking is the only way to lower your risk.

In addition to cigarettes, tobacco products such as cigars and chewing tobacco can also lead to gum disease. These products use sugar as an additive, which feeds the bacteria in the mouth and causes tooth decay to occur more quickly. If you use one of these products, you must stop immediately to reduce your risk of gum disease.It is also important to avoid secondhand smoke whenever possible. If you or someone around you smokes or uses tobacco products, ask them to refrain from smoking at home. Smokers should also visit their dentist regularly for cleanings to remain healthy.

Diabetes

Diabetes causes your body to produce less insulin, which makes it more difficult for your immune system to fight infection. This increases your risk for periodontitis. Additionally, people with diabetes are more susceptible to infections in general – including those in the mouth.

The presence of gum disease can make it more difficult to control blood sugar levels. Research suggests that diabetics have an increased risk of being diagnosed with periodontal diseases. So it’s critical to maintain good oral health habits if you have diabetes.

One of the most common signs of gingivitis is poor blood glucose control. If you notice that you aren’t controlling your blood sugar as well as usual, it’s important to talk to your dentist and primary care physician. Together you can determine the cause of this poor control and work together to improve the situation.

Medications

Certain medications can increase the risk of periodontitis, including those that increase blood sugar or blood pressure levels and those that can affect the immune system, such as steroids and chemotherapy drugs. Some diseases like HIV/AIDS and cancer may also up the risk of gum disease.

Genetics

Research has shown that there is a range of genetic factors that can influence the development of periodontitis. These environmental factors may predispose patients to develop the disease, or they could influence how severe the effects are on the patient’s teeth.

Diet

Diet can also play a role. If there is a strong family history of gum disease, patients may be encouraged to improve their oral hygiene routines by avoiding certain foods that can increase the risk of tooth decay, such as sodas and high-sugar foods.

Louie Family Dentistry is dedicated to providing the best care for your oral health. To know more about gum disease, visit our office at 41268 Fremont Blvd, Fremont, CA 94538. Please contact us at (510) 656-7778. 

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